Citation analysis is one indication of research quality. A range of tools are available to help you calculate the number of times your research has been cited by other researchers.
Citation metrics are not an exact science. Always use citation metrics in conjunction with other measures to assess the impact of your research.
|Search tool||Research area||Publication types included||Coverage|
|Web of Science
|Sciences, technology, social sciences, arts and humanities||Journals, conference proceedings and books||The industry standard in many fields and the source of information for the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU).|
|Scopus (Elsevier)||Physical sciences, health sciences, life sciences, social sciences, business||Journals and conference proceedings||Overlaps with the Web of Science database, but also includes many journals not covered by Web of Science especially in business, accounting, management, and education. Scopus is the source of information for the Times Higher Education World University Rankings (THE).|
|Google Scholar||Multidisciplinary: better coverage of the arts and humanities than the other databases||Journals, conference proceedings, books, PhD theses, preprints, reports and more||Provides a simple way to search broadly for scholarly literature across many disciplines and sources. It includes much the same content as Web of Science and Scopus. It also lists university websites and institutional repositories.|
To find an author’s total citations:
To find an author’s h-index:
To find a specific article’s citations:
Make it easier to track your citations in Google Scholar:
Note: If you select automatic updates, check the accuracy of your publication list regularly.
Journal impact factor is a metric used to indicate the quality of a journal based on the yearly average number of citations to recent articles (from the previous two years) published in that journal. The JIF is available in Journal Citation Reports (JCR). For more information, see Journal Citation Reports: learn the basics.
Scimago journal & country rank (SJR) is a metric that calculates journal influence by looking at both the number of citations received by a journal and the importance of the journal where the citation was published. SJR uses data from Scopus and is also available in CiteScore.
Source-Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) is a metric that measures contextual citation impact by weighing citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field. SNIP uses data from Scopus and is available in CiteScore.
A metric available in Scopus. CiteScore is the number of citations received by a journal in one year to documents published in the three previous years, divided by the number of documents indexed in Scopus published in those same three years. The CiteScore results table includes SJR and SNIP metrics and journal quartile rankings. For more information about CiteScore, see How metrics works – Scopus.
Altmetrics (alternative metrics), is the name given to ‘non-traditional’ metrics such as tweets, mentions, comments, shares or links, saves, downloads, clicks or views.
Contact your Liaison librarian for advice on metrics for your discipline.